So, the following information is a bit bland and scientific I know. Sometimes, it is just best to get the facts out there for you to read. If I bore you with this article, I apologize, but the information is, I think, important none the less.
Acne, medically known as Acne Vulgaris, is a skin disease that involves the sebaceous glands at the base of hair follicles.
It is the most common skin disorder and is characterized by inflammation and skin eruptions due to strong outflows of the
semi-fluid sebum, which is secreted by the sebaceous glands.
Increased flow of sebum clogs the pores on the skin causing swelling, and can even injure the sebum canals. Many people across the world suffer acne at some point in their life with some suffering constant outbreaks of the condition throughout their lives.
There are several factors responsible for causing acne. They act together to cause the characteristic pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads associated with acne.
Causes of acne:
Acne has been linked with production of hormones, in particular the androgens. These hormones stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce sebum. Androgens are produced by the testes in men and by the ovaries in women. In both sexes, the hormones are also produced by the adrenal glands. During puberty, production of the hormones tends to increase in both boys and girls causing the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum.
Likewise, during times of stress, the adrenal glands produce increased levels of androgens, causing even greater enlargement of the oil glands. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives can also affect sebum production.
Increased production of insulin and insulin like growth factor 1 (iGF-1) has also been associated with acne development.
Activity of normal skin bacteria:
Although acne is not caused by a bacterial infection, bacteria do play a role in making the condition worse. The bacterium Propionibacterium Acnes (P. acnes), is a normal part of the skin surface. It prevents the skin from being invaded by harmful bacteria. When oil is trapped in the hair follicles, the normal skin bacteria P. Acnes, will grow in the blocked pore. The bacteria produce chemicals that alter the composition of the oil, which makes it more irritating to the skin and causes inflammation.
Blockage of the skin pores:
Oily skin occurs when an overactive sebaceous gland enlarges and overproduces oil. acne develops when some of the skin pores (through which oil normally flows from the sebaceous glands to reach the skin surface) become blocked, resulting in trapping of oil within the skin pores. The pores are blocked by skin cells that have been shed from the lining of the skin pore and have bunched together. While the cause for this clogging remains unknown, it is not a result of poor hygiene. A blackhead or whitehead will develop from this skin pore blockage.
Though many people think of acne as a bacterial disease, it’s primarily an inflammatory problem. According to many researchers, inflammation in the skin is actually the trigger that kicks off the whole process. Studies have shown that inflammation is present in the very earliest stages of a pimple, even before bacterial infection of the skin pore.
Inflammation of the skin occurs because the body’s immune system is acting to rid itself of a foreign substance. In the case of acne, this substance is either bacteria or the irritating compounds they have produced. Inflamed skin is characterized by redness, swelling, warmth and discomfort.
Certain medications, particularly drugs containing corticosteroids, androgens and lithium, have also been associated with acne development.
Hopefully I have left you a bit more informed about what causes acne. Like I said in the beginning of the article, this was not meant to be a flashy post. This was meant to be an informative, factual post on acne causes. For help with fighting acne, please click on the following link that I find helpful. This link will bring you to some of my favorite acne fighting products. The Best Skin Treatment Products from the Highest Quality Ingredients from the Natural Skin Shop! Save 15% Off Your Purchase!